A complete guide and information about Croatia
The Republic of Croatia is a Mediterranean and Central European country that is located on the coast of the Adriatic Sea. Croatia is a member state of the European Union (EU). Croatia is one of the world's most beautiful places to visit, which has gorgeous islands, historical cities and towns, amazing beaches and caves, incredible culture, and traditional food. The beautiful weather of Croatia welcomes thousands of tourists every year. Its modest prices make it an affordable alternative visiting place than nearby countries like Greece and Italy.
Currency In Croatia
The currency of Croatia is Kuna that is divided into 100 lipas. The word 'Kuna' means marten (many centuries ago, Croats used marten fur for payments) and 'lipa' - which translated means lime tree. The Kuna comes in as notes of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, 500, and 1,000, and coins of 1, 2 and 5. Lipa comes in coins of 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, and 50. Other currencies are easily exchanged in exchange offices or banks.
Capital of Croatia
Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of Croatia, with a 685.000 population. The city is located along the Sava River on the slopes of the Medvednica Mountain in the northwest region of the country and spread about 12 miles north to south and 19 miles east to west. Croatia has been divided into twenty administrative units (called Županija) + Zagreb city. The city of Zagreb is a separate unit of local administration.
The capital of Croatia is divided into 218 local committees with 70 settlement zones. Zagreb is a place of the central government, administrative bodies, and government ministries. Zagreb is a significant transport hub in Croatia, where Southeast Europe, the Mediterranean, and Central Europ meet. Moreover, this city is well-known for its museums, diverse economy, entertainment, and sporting events.
Language and Inhabitants of Croatia
The official language of Croatia is Croatian that is written in Latin script, and around 95 percent of the population speaks Croatian. The Croatian language has 30 letters of the alphabet. It is a Slavic language and the Latin alphabet like in English, plus the addition of č, ć, dž, đ, lj, nj, š and ž and not use q, w, x, and y letter.
Out of 4.29 million population, about 90% of the population of Croatia is Croat, (the majority being Roman Catholic). However, Croatia is also a residence of Serbian, Italian, Bosnian, and Hungarian minorities.
Approximately 60% of the population lives in urban centers. After the Zagreb, the second-largest city is Split, with 178,000 inhabitants, Zadar with 168.000, Rijeka with 128.000, and Osijek with 108.000.
Islands of Croatia
Croatia has a beautiful coastline area that consists of islands, reefs, and cliffs. There are 1,244 islands and islets in the Croatian part of Adriatic sea. The largest island of Croatia is Krk that is located near Rijeka, and the land area of the Krk is 462 square km. The other most famous islands are Korcula, Hvar, Pag, and Brac. Only 50 islands are populated, and more than 80% of Croatia's islands are uninhabited.
Weather and Temperature of Croatia
Croatia's geography shows the climate of it, which is characterized by a combination of plains, long intertidal zone, mountains, and forests. Croatia is divided into two climate regions - Continental and Mediterranean. The climate of the Mediterranean along the Adriatic coast is hot in dry summers and cool in rainy winters. The summer average temperature range in the coastal region is from 26 to 30°C, in the continental area from 22 to 26°C, and in the mountain region from 15 to 20°C. The winter temperature range in the coastal area is from 5 to 10°C, in the mountain region -5 to 0°C, and in the continental region -1 to 3°C.
High Season (July / August)
July and August bring the best weather and a perfect time to visit the beauty of Croatia. In July and August, the whole of Croatia is extremely hot and dry. The daily average temperature in July reach around 28°C (about 82°F) and only go as low as 16°C (about 62°F) and in November the highest average daily temperature is 17°C with an average of 14°C and lows of 10°C.
Mid-Season (May, June, September, October)
May, June, September, and October are months in which weather of Croatia are medium, not very hot or cool. These pleasant days of early summer and spring season are the best time for outdoor activities such as visiting, swimming, hiking, rafting, sea-kayaking, and enjoy mountain-biking.
Low Season (November to April)
November to April is a season of winter. Due to the heavy cool winter season, many coastal attractions and hotels close down. November nights in Croatia are very cold, and days are mild to cold. This time is best to enjoy skiing and Christmas in the streets of Zagreb's.
Time Zone & Flag of Croatia
Central European Time (CET) Zone is Croatia's time that is 1 hour ahead of GMT+1 (Greenwich Mean Time). In summer, Croatia time is extended by 1 hour to save daylight and 2 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time. While after summer, time is shifted back by 1 hour.
The national flag of Croatia is also one of the state symbols of Croatia. Three equal-sized horizontal stripes are beautifully designed on the flag whose colors are red, white, and blue. In the middle of the flag is a coat of arms of Croatia.
Safety and Security of Croatia
In terms of safety and security, Croatia is the best place to visit. The rate of violent crime is rare, and the overall crime level is quite low; that's why Croatia is an extremely safe country for travel. According to the U.K. government and the U.S. Department of state, Croatia is a pretty safe country so, everyone can explore this beautiful country even at night.
Area of Croatia
As a part of Southeast Europe and Central Europe, also a part of the Mitteleuropa and Balkans, Croatia covers 56,594 square kilometers (21,851 square miles) - world's 127th largest country by area.
Borders and The Neighboring Countries of Croatia
Croatia is connected to five countries through borders. Countries that are connected to Croatia are Montenegro in the south, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia to the east, Hungary to the north, and Slovenia to the west.
image credit: alchen_x
Dalmatia is one of the historical regions that is located in the south of Croatia. This region is popular due to hundreds of islands, mountains, and a beautiful coastline. The cities that are located in this region are Trogir, Zadar, Sibenik, Dubrovnik, and Split. Dalmatia also has many smaller places like Sinj, where you can spend a nice time with your family.
In Dalmatia, the beautiful place to visit is Telascica Nature Park, in which you can visit the glorious bay of Luka Telascica and pristine protected habitats. The whole region is full of striking scenery, attractive places, cute fishing villages, and a marvelous coast. It is also a perfect place for hiking, cycling, or swimming along the coast.
image credit: Dave Morton
Kvarner is the well-attractive and popular region of Croatia that is located in the northwest and one of the closest points of the Adriatic Sea to the rest of Europe. Kvarner has many beautiful sights along with the scenic coastline and amazing woodland that attracts the visitors. Rijeka is one of the charming cities in the Kvarner region, which is the favorite place for tourists. Kvarner has many islands, but the well-famous islands are Krk and Losinj. Kvarner is the best place for hikers or climbers.
image credit: Nick Savchenko
The Slavonia region of Croatia is located in the northeast and bordered by Bosnia and Herzegovina, Hungary, and Serbia. The much part of the region made of the Pannonian Basin, which is framed by Sava, Drava and Danube rivers. Slavonia is characterized by numerous rivers, incredible natural sights, and flat terrain.
In Slavonia, Dakovo and Osijek are two main towns that are most famous in it. At Ilok and Kutjevo, this region also boasts some amazing vineyards and wineries. Moreover, Kopacki Rit Nature Park is a home more than 290 bird species and also Europe's largest wetlands that are located in this region.
image credit: MountMan Photo
The Gorski Kotar is a region of Croatia that is situated along the northern coast of Kvarner between Rijeka and Zagreb. Gorski Kotar is a mountain region that is also known as the green heart of Croatia. This region is a residence of about 31.000 inhabitants and covers the area of 1.273 square kilometers. The mountain climate of Gorski Kotar is characterized by short cool summers and long cold winters. Although the average highest mountains are 700 to 900 meters and some mountains have up to 1500 meters altitude.
The main town of the Gorski Kotar is Delnice. The Delnice has a tourist office that provides all information and guides the tourist. This place is ideal for hiking, mountaineering, horseback riding, rafting, cycling, hunting and fishing, paragliding, and skiing in the winter.
image credit: Darij Zadnikar
In central Croatia, Lika is a mountainous region that is connected by Plješevica mountain from the northeast and Velebit mountain from the southwest. Most of the area of Lika is a part of Lika-Senj county, and some area of Lika is a part of Zadar and Karlovac county. The well-attractive and major towns of Lika are Gospic, Otocac, Gracac and Korenica. Its famous park is the Plitvice Lakes National Park, which is one of the largest national parks in Croatia.
image credit: Bernd Thaller
Istria is a beautiful region of Croatia that is located in the northwest of the country. Istria is an attractive place to visit that has an amazing array of landscapes, marvelous towns, and other attractions. Istria has a charming beach and beautiful seaside towns such as Umag, Pula and Rovinj that are full of ancient historical sights and attractions. The picturesque countryside of Istria is perfect for cycling or hiking. Istria is a place where you can discover fascinating Roman, Hapsburg, and Venetian sights.
After known all about Croatia deeply, we have come to the conclusion that Croatia is one of the most delightful destinations in the world. In Croatia, you will find amazing scenery of sunset and sunrise, beautiful mountain, charming beach, attractive streets and house, historical places, traditional food, and many others. If you have been planning to spend this vacation in a peaceful world place, then Croatia is the best option for you. You can find additional tips related to Croatia on the forum.